1. Which one of the following was not a part of the concept of nation-state?

(a) Clearly defined boundary
(b) National identity based on culture and history
(c) Sovereignty
(d) Freedom from monarchy

2. Which of the following were not introduced by French revolution?

(a) Universal right of a man
(b) Constitution and equality before law
(c) Participative administration and election
(d) Democracy and universal Suffrage

3. On the pretext of helping people of Europe to become nations, France plundered neighboring territories. Which of the following faced French aggression during 1790?

(a) Holland, Switzerland, Brussels, Mainz, Milan and Warsaw
(b) Holland, Switzerland, Austria, Prussia, Macedonia, Croatia
(c) Switzerland, Poland, Macedonia, Croatia, Sardinia
(d) Spain, Holland, Switzerland, Poland, Prussia, Austria

4. Civil code of 1804, enforced throughout the French territories 

(a) Abolished privileges based on birth
(b) Established equality before law
(c) Secured right to property
(d) All the above

5. Napoleon’s invasions were resented in several countries due to 

(a) Increased taxes, censorship and forced conscription into army
(b) Poor administration, restricted trade, language issues
(c) Dominance of aristocracy and army in administration
(d) Growth of the feeling of nationalism

6. Which of the following were parts of Hapsburg Empire?

(a) Austria-Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardy, Venetia
(b) Galicia, Carniola, Bohemia, Lombardy, Venetia
(c) Sudetenland, Austria-Hungary, Lombardy, Venetia
(d) Croatia, Sardinia, Greece, Poland, Austria-Hungary

7. During Eighteenth century which language was spoken by the aristocrats in Europe?

(a) English (b) French (c) Greek (d) Dutch

8. Liberal nationalism, which dominated Europe in early nineteenth century supported

(a) Personal freedom (b) Abolishing privileges of aristocracy and clergy
(c) Demand for constitution (d) All of these

9. Which of the following was not a demand of the liberals?

(a) Representative Government (b) Universal suffrage
(c) Inviolability of private property (d) Freedom of Markets

10. Zollverein, formed by Prussia and joined by many of the German states was a 

(a) German army (b) German police
(c) Custom union (d) Trade union

11. Which of the following statements about economic nationalism are true? 

(a) It was promoted by liberal nationalists (b) It was supported by the middle class
(c) It was supported by Napoleon (d) None of these

12. The conservatives were of the opinion that 

(a) Pre-revolution administration should be re-established
(b) Monarchy and churches should be preserved
(c) Feudalism should be restored
(d) Monarchies were dangerous for nation-state

13. The European powers that defeated Napoleon included 

(a) Britain and Russia (b) Prussia and Austria
(c) France and Netherlands (d) Both (a) and (b)

14. After the defeat of Napoleon a congress was held in Vienna in which Russia, Britain, Prussia and Austria participated. Who hosted this meet? 

(a) Metternich (b) Bismarck (c) Garibaldi (d) Mazzini

15. After the defeat of Napoleon, which dynasty was restored in France?

(a) Hapsburg (b) Ottoman (c) Bourbon (d) None of these

16. Johan Gottfried, a German philosopher, believed that the true German culture was to be discovered

(a) In classical German literature (b) Among the common people
(c) In fairy tales (d) In Indian literature

17. After Napoleon’s defeat, the territories of Poland were distributed among 

(a) Russia, Prussia and Austria (b) Austria, England and Prussia
(c) France, England and Prussia (d) England, Prussia and Russia

18. After the Vienna Congress, a number of Polish priests were sent to Siberia by the Russian authorities for

(a) Bringing religious reform in Siberia (b) Not preaching in Russian language
(c) Opposing constitutional reforms (d) Holding secret meetings

19. Paris witnessed an upheaval in 1848 which forced monarch Louis Philippe to leave the city. The unrest was caused by 

(a) Tax rise (b) Food shortage and unemployment
(c) Industrial crisis (d) Drain of wealth

20. Freidrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia rejected the terms of the Frankfurt Parliament because 

(a) The constitution made by the parliament wanted the monarch to become a subject to a parliament
(b) The parliament did not have the support of the aristocracy and military heads
(c) The members of the parliament were not elected representatives of German people
(d) The parliament did not have women representatives

21. During the Frankfurt Parliament held in St. Paul church on 18 May 1848, women were allowed to 

(a) Vote (b) Participate in drafting constitution
(c) Stand in the visitor’s gallery (d) They were not allowed to enter the premises

22. The unification of Germany took place in 1871 under the leadership of 

(a) Kaiser William I and his chief minister Otto von Bismarck
(b) Monarch Weilhelm IV and his chief minister Garibaldi
(c) Bismarck and Garibaldi
(d) Mazzini and Garibaldi

23. Who formed Young Italy for unification of his country?

(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi (b) Count Cavour
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini (d) Victor Emmanuel

24. Who succeeded in gathering French support for Italy for defeating Austria in 1859? 

(a) Victor Emmanuel II (b) Count Cavour
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini (d) Giuseppe Garibaldi

25. Who led the Italian army against the Spanish rulers of the kingdom of two Sicillies in 1960? 

(a) Bismarck (b) Cavour (c) Garibaldi (d) Mazzini

26. Which among the following is known as the Glorious Revolution in the history of Europe? 

(a) The British Revolution of 1688 (b) The unification of Germany in 1871
(c) The unification of Italy in 1860 (d) The Greek struggle for independence, 1821

27. Who was the king of England during the Glorious Revolution? 

(a) James II (b) William IV (c) Charles I (d) Henry III

28. The convention parliament of England decided the following after the Glorious Revolution 

(a) James’s daughter Marry II and her husband William III would jointly rule the country
(b) That the parliament would set out the Bill of Rights
(c) The Monarch would be a subject to a parliament
(d) All of these

29. United Kingdom of Great Britain came into existence in 1770 after 

(a) Scotland was merged into England
(b) Ireland was merged into England
(c) The Welch population was given voting rights
(d) The Union Jack was introduced

30. Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom in 

(a) 1717 (b) 1801 (c) 1866 (d) 1896

Q.31 Who was Frederic Sorrieu? 

(a) A Philosopher (b) A Painter
(c) A Politician (d) A Revolutionary

Q.32 Which of the following is true with reference to Romanticism?

(a) Concept of government by consent
(b) Freedom for the individual
(c) Cultural movement
(d)Freedom of markets 

Q.33 What was the basic philosophy of the conservatives?

(a) They opposed monarchial forms.
(b) They were the supporters of democracy
(c) They wanted to glorify folk art and vernacular language
(d) They stressed the importance of tradition and established institutions and customs. 

Q.34 Who was count Cavour?

(a) The chief Minister of Italy (b) Revolutionary of Germany
(c) A catholic missionary (d) The chancellor of Germany 

Q.35 Which of the following state lead the unification of Germany?

(a) Bavaria (b) Prussia (c) Rhineland (d) Hanover 

Q.36 Who hosted the congress of Vienna in 1815? 

(a) Cavour (b) King Victor Emmanuel
(c) Bismarck (d) Duke Metternich 

Q.37 What was the main objective of the treaty of Vienna of 1815?

(a) To undo the changes brought about in Europe during Napoleonic war.
(b) To plan the unification of Germany 
(c) To restore the democracy in Europe.
(d) To overthrow the Bourbon dynasty 

Q.38 which of the following treaty recognized Greece as an independent nation?

(a) Treaty of Versailles
(b) Treaty of Constantinople
(c) Treaty of Frankfurt
(d) Treaty of Vienna

Q.39 At which of the following places was the Frankfurt assembly convened?

(a) At the palace of Prussia
(b) At the hall of Mirrors in palace of Versailles.
(c) At the church of St. Peter's
(d) At the church of St. Paul

Q.40 Who said “when France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”?

(a) Bismarck
(b) Cavour
(c) Victor Emmanuel II
(d) Metternich 

Q.41 Who among the following was proclaimed the first king of united Italy?

(a) King George II
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Nicholas II
(d) Kaiser William I 

Q.42 Among the following which section was not included in the European middle class?

(a) Industrialists (b) Businessmen (c) Nobles (d) Professionals

Q.43 The term 'absolutist' is referred to:

(a) Monarchical government (b) Abstract theory
(c) A vision (d) None of these

Q.44 When and who prepared a series of four prints visualizing a world made up of 'democratic and social Republics'?

(a) 1804, Napoleon (b) 1815, Duke Metternich
(c) 1848, Frederic Sorrieu (d) None of these

Q.45 What do the saints, angels and Christ symbolize in the Utopian vision?

(a) Equality among people (b) Fraternity among nations
(c) Freedom of nations (d) Resentment against nations

Q.46 What did the Napoleonic Code of 1804 spell out?

(a) Equality before law (b) Right to property
(c) Wiping out privileges by birth (d) All of the above

Q.47 What seemed to outweigh the advantages of the administrative changes in Europe?

(a) Forced conscription into French armies (b) Increased prices
(c) Movement and exchange of goods (d) Laws that was not uniform

Q.48 When did Napoleon invade Italy?

(a) 1821 (b) 1905 (c) 1797 (d) 1795

Q.49 What territories did the Hapsburg Empire rule over?

(a) Austria (b) Romania (c) Hungary (d) Both (a) and (c)

Q.50 In revolutionary France, who were granted exclusive rights to vote?

(a) All women (b) Property-owning men
(c) Property-owning women (d) All men

Q.51 A merchant traveling from Hamburg to Nuremberg, in the first half of the nineteenth century, had to pass through how many customs barriers to sell his goods?

(a) 20 (b) 10 (c) 9 (d) 11

Q.52 What was viewed as obstacle to economic change and growth by new commercial classes?

(a) Absence of railways (b) Limited suffrage
(c) Customs duties (d) Reduced status of women

Q.53 What led to the abolishing of the tariff barriers in the German-speaking regions of Europe and the reduction of currencies?

(a) Formation of the Customs Union (b) Formation of traditional institutions
(c) Abolition of feudalism (d) State power

Q.54 Why was the Treaty of Vienna drawn up in 1815?

(a) To abolish tariff barriers (b) To restore the monarchies
(c) To divide the German Confederation of 39 states (d) None of these

Q.55 Why was the kingdom of Netherlands, which included Belgium, set up in the North?

(a) To control censorship laws (b) To curb government activities
(c) To prevent French expansion (d) Both a and b

Q.56 When were the 'Conservatives Regimes' set up?

(a) 1830 (b) 1820 (c) 1815 (d) 1832

Q.57 What major issue was criticized against by the liberal nationalists?

(a) Censorship laws to control the press (b) Preservation of the Church
(c) A modern army (d) Efficient bureaucracy

Q.58 Name the Italian revolutionary from Genoa.

(a) Metternich (b) Johann Gottfried
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini (d) None of these

Q.59 Who said, "When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold"?

(a) Lord Byron (b) T S Eliot (c) Metternich (d) Giuseppe

Q.60 What marked Greece as an independent nation?

(a) Treaty of Constantinople, 1832 (b) Treaty of Vienna, 1815
(c) Treaty of Versailles, 1871 (d) None of these

Q.61 How did Karol Kurpinski celebrate the national struggle?

(a) Operas (b) Plays (c) Books (d) Poetry

Q.62 What was the result of Polish being used as the medium of instruction for preaching in all Church gatherings, in late eighteenth century?

(a) Priests and bishops were jailed (b) Followers were tortured
(c) Preachers were forced to preach in Russian (d) Followers were sent to Siberia

Q.63 What did weavers in Silesia, in 1845, revolt against?

(a) Bad quality raw material (b) Insufficient supply of raw material
(c) Contractors who didn't pay them enough (d) None of these

Q.64 Women were admitted in the Frankfurt parliament convened in the Church of St Paul, but only as:

(a) Opposition (b) Waitresses (c) Guards (d) Observers

Q.65 Who were the 'Junkers'?

(a) Soldiers (b) Large landowners (c) Aristocracy (d) Weavers

Q.66 What was 'Young Italy'?

(a) Vision of Italy (b) Secret society (c) National anthem of Italy (d) None of these

Q.67 Who was proclaimed the King of United Italy, in 1861?

(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi (b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini (d) Cavour

Q.68 Name the act which resulted in the formation of the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain'.

(a) The Act of Union, 1707 (b) Tax Reform Act, 1784
(c) Commutation Act, 1784 (d) None of these

Q.69 What was the famous expedition carried out by Giuseppe Garibaldi called?

(a) Young Europe in Berne (b) Young Italy in Marseilles
(c) Expedition of the Thousand to South Italy (d) None of these

Q.70 What were the contributions of the Grimm Brothers in nation-building?

(a) Fairytales (b) Folk dances (c) Operas (d) Music

Q.71 What is an "allegory'?

(a) Idealistic state (b) Abstract idea (c) Art form (d) Song

Q.72 The most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe, after 1871, was an area called:

(a) Ottoman (b) Prussia (c) Balkans (d) Macedonia

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1. (d) Freedom from monarchy

2. (d) Democracy and universal Suffrage

3. (a) Holland, Switzerland, Brussels, Mainz, Milan and Warsaw

4. (d) All the above

5. (a) Increased taxes, censorship and forced conscription into army

6. (d) Croatia, Sardinia, Greece, Poland, Austria-Hungary

7. (b) French 

8. (d) All of these

9. (b) Universal suffrage

10. (c) Custom union

11. (b) It was supported by the middle class

12. (b) Monarchy and churches should be preserved

13. (d) Both (a) and (b)

14. (a) Metternich 

15. (c) Bourbon

16. (b) Among the common people

17. (a) Russia, Prussia and Austria

18. (b) Not preaching in Russian language

19. (a) Tax rise

20. (a) The constitution made by the parliament wanted the monarch to become a subject to a parliament

21. (c) Stand in the visitor’s gallery

22. (a) Kaiser William I and his chief minister Otto von Bismarck

23. (c) Giuseppe Mazzini

24. (b) Count Cavour

25. (c) Garibaldi

26. (a) The British Revolution of 1688

27. (a) James II

28. (d) All of these 

29. (a) Scotland was merged into England

30. (b) 1801

31. (b) A Painter

32. (c) Cultural movement

33. (d) They stressed the importance of tradition and established institutions and customs.

34. (a) The chief Minister of Italy

35. (b) Prussia

36. (d) Duke Metternich

37. (a) To undo the changes brought about in Europe during Napoleonic war.

38. (b) Treaty of Constantinople

39. (d) At the church of St. Paul 

40. (d) Metternich

41. (b) Victor Emmanuel II

42. (c) Nobles
43. (a) Monarchical government
44. (c) 1848, Frederic Sorrieu
45. (b) Fraternity among nations
46. (d) All of the above
47. (a) Forced conscription into French armies
48. (c) 1797
49. (d) Both (a) and (c)
50. (b) Property-owning men
51. (d) 11
52. (c) Customs duties
53. (a) Formation of the Customs Union
54. (b) To restore the monarchies
55. (c) To prevent French expansion
56. (c) 1815
57. (a) Censorship laws to control the press
58. (c) Giuseppe Mazzini
59. (c) Metternich
60. (a) Treaty of Constantinople, 1832
61. (a) Operas
62. (a) Priests and bishops were jailed
63. (c) Contractors who didn't pay them enough
64. (d) Observers
65. (b) Large landowners
66. (b) Secret society
67. (b) Victor Emmanuel II
68. (a) The Act of Union, 1707
69. (c) Expedition of the Thousand to South Italy
70. (a) Fairy tales
71. (b) Abstract idea
72. (c) Balkans